Highest temperature recorded in each month (in digitised data from 1959)
|January||18.3°C||26 January 2003||
(both on same date)
|February *||17.9° C||21 February 1897||Aberdeen|
|March||23.6° C||27 March 2012||Aboyne (Aberdeenshire)|
|April||27.2° C||17 April 2003||Inverailort (Inverness-shire)|
|May||30.9° C||25 May 2012||Inverailort (Inverness-shire)|
|June*||32.2° C||18 June 1893||Ochtertyre (Perth & Kniross)|
|July||32.4° C||2 July 1976||Wauchope (Borders)|
|August||32.9° C||9 August 2003||Greycrook (Borders)|
|September||32.2° C||1 September 1906||Gordon Castle (Moray)|
|October||26.2° C||3 October 1973||Dalwhinnie (Highland)|
|November||20.2° C||7 November 2003||Lochcarron (Ross & Cromarty)|
|December *||18.3° C||2 December 1948||Achnashellach (Highland)|
|Lowest temperature recorded in each month (in digitised data from 1959)|
|January *||-27.2° C||10 January 1982||Braemar (Aberdeenshire)|
|February *||-27.2° C||11 February 1895||Braemar (Aberdeenshire)|
|March *||-22.8° C||14 March 1958||Logie Coldstone (Aberdeenshire)|
|April *||-13.3° C||11 April 1917||Braemar (Aberdeenshire)|
|May *||-9.4° C||15 May 1941||Fort Augustus (Highland)|
|June *||-5.6° C||9 June 1962||Dalwhinnie (Highland)|
|July *||-2.5° C||15 July 1977;||Lagganlia (Inverness-shire)|
|August *||-4.5° C||21 August 1973||Lagganlia (Inverness-shire)|
|September *||-6.7° C||26 September 1942||Dalwhinnie (Highland)|
|October *||-11.7° C||28 October 1948||Dalwhinnie (Highland)|
|November *||-23.3° C||14 November 1919||Braemar (Aberdeenshire)|
|December *||-27.2° C||30 December 1995||Altnaharra (Highland)|
*temperature records from Webb J. and Terence Meaden D. 2000. Daily Extremes for Britain. Weather 55, 298-315.
32.9C (91.2F) recorded at Greycrook, Borders on the 9th August 2003
-27.2C (-17F) recorded at Braemar, Aberdeenshire on the 11th February 1895 and again on the 10th January 1982
-27.2C (-17F) also recorded at Altnaharra, Sutherland on the 30th December 1995
Low Level Site : 123 Kt (142mph) at Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire on the 13th February 1989
High Level Site : 150Kt (173mph) on Cairngorm Summit (1245masl) on the 20th March 1986
The mountainous west of the country is by far the wettest area of Scotland with annual rainfall exceeding 3000mm across a large area.
Highest Annual Average : 4000mm at Ben Ime, Argyll - this can be regarded as typical for the west of western Scotland
Wettest Day : 238.4mm at Loch Sloy Main Adit, Argyll on the 14th Januray 1974
The driest part of the country on average is the east where there is a rain-shdow effect due to the mountains that which stand in the way of a moist west or south-westerly flow.
The coasts of East Lothian, Fife and the Moray Firth receive less than 700mm, and in some areas less than 600mm.
Driest Place : 560mm at Dunbar, East Lothian
The foggiest parts of Scotland are the mountains which spend many days of each month shrouded in cloud. When there was a meteorological observatory on the summit of Ben Nevis from 1883 to 1904 it found that the summit was in fog around 78% of the time between November and January (nearly 4 in 5 days) and 55% of the time between May and June (Wheeler and Mayes).
Braemar, Aberdeenshire has, on average, around 60 days of snow lying each year; this may be taken as representing the extreme value for towns and villages in Scotland.
The Cairngorm mountains are the snowiest part of Scotland, and indeed the UK, with more than 100 days of snow lying. In the strong winds which blow through the mountains the snow can collect in corries and form drifts many metres deep. In most years, parts of the Scottish mountains will have continuous snow cover from mid-November through to May, and in some areas snow patches may survive right through the summer until the following winter.